Lawrence E. Bethune's
M.U.S.I.C.s Project

Musical UniqueScottish Identifiable Characteristic


Home Dissertation Outline Introduction Scots to North Carolina Into the Crucible The Rules of MUSICs The Rules Applied Bibliography


Abrahams, R. D., & Foss, G. (1968). Anglo-American folk song style. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Ashe, S. A. (1908). History of North Carolina. Greensboro, North Carolina: Charles L. Van Noppen

Baez, Joan (n,d,), Joan Baez, Retrieved December 2, 2001, from

Bond, Donovan H. (1993). The Mountain Tongue. Bruceton Mills, WV: Unicorn Limited.

Boni, Margaret Bradford (1952). Fireside Book of Favorite American Songs. New York: Simon and Schuster

Brand, Oscar (1962). The Ballad Mongers; Rise of the Modern Folk Song; New York: Funk & Wagnalls

Bronson, Bertrand Harris (1969). The Ballad as Song. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Brown, Colin, & Pittman, J. (1877). The Songs of Scotland, Vol I. London: Boosey & Co.

Brown, Frank C. (1952). Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, Volume II. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Brown, Frank C. (1957). Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, Volume IV. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Brown, Frank C. (1962). Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore, Volume V. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Campbell, J.L. (1999). Songs Remembered in Exile. Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited.

Campbell, J. L., & Collinson, F. (1977). Hebridean folksongs: Waulking songs from Barra, South Uist, Eriskay and Benbecula. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Child, Francis James (2001). The English and Scottish Popular Ballads. Northfield, MN: Loomis House Press.

Collinson, F. (1966/1970). The traditional and national music of Scotland. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Connor, R. D. W. (1919). History of North Carolina, Vol. IV. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company

Dann, Hollis (1935). Hollis Dan Song Series: Book Three. New York: American Book Company

Farmer, H.G. (1930). Music in Medieval Scotland London.

Farmer, H.G. (1970). A History of Music in Scotland London: Da Capo Press.

Fowler, M. (1986). Valley of the Scots. Raleigh, North Carolina: Author.

Geddes, Arthur (1951). The Songs of Craig and Ben: Lays, Laments, Love Songs, and Lilts of the Mountaineers, Craigsmen of the Highlands and Isles; Volume I. Edinburgh: Serif Books

Gehrke, W. H. (1847) "The Transition from the German to the English Language in North Carolina.” NCHR, XII, 1-19; Carolina Watchman, September 9, 1847.

Gerould, Gordon Hall (1932). The Ballad of Tradition. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Gibson, Rob (June/July 1998). Cowboy Celtic [Electronic version]. Folk Tradition, 27. Retrieved December 1, 2001, from

Gilmore, Peter (1999). From Donegal to Donegal: Ulster, the Scotch-Irish and Traditional Music in Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: Peter Gilmore

Gormley, Myra Vanderpool (2000). Migration Patterns of Our Scottish Ancestors, Retrieved June 7, 2003, from

Henderson, Hamish (1979). Willie Mitchell. Tochar: Tales, Songs, and Traditions, 31, 1.

Henkin, R. I. (1955). A factoral study of the components of music. Journal of Psychology, 39, 161–181.

Highlander (The): The Magazine of Scottish Heritage, Vol.39, No. 4 (July/August, 2000): p25. Winnetka, Illinois: Angus. J. Ray Associates.

Hitchcock, H. W. (1974). Music in the United States: A historical introduction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Hudson, Arthur Palmer (1962). Songs of the Carolina Charter Colonists 1663-1763. Raleigh, North Carolina: Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission.

Ives, B. (1953). The Burl Ives songbook. New York: Ballantine Books.

Johnson, Guion Griffis (1937) Ante-Bellum North Carolina: A Social History. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.

Johnson, Samuel (1924). Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, S., & Boswell, J. (1961). Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland and Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL.D. London: Oxford University Press

Lefler, H. T., & Powell, W. S. (1973). Colonial North Carolina: A history. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Lomax, Alan (Editor) (1998). World Library of Folk and Primitive Music: Scotland (CD Recording No. 1743). Cambridge, MA: Rounder Records

MacDonell, Margaret (1982). The Emigrant Experience. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

MacLean, Dougie (no date given) An Interview with Dougie MacLean, Retrieved December 2, 2001, from

McConathy, Osbourne (1910). The School Song Book. Boston: C.C. Birchard & Company

McGreevy, Joyce (March 8-14, 2001), Walela Swoops into Carmel with Exciting Native American Music, The Monterey County Herald, Retrieved December 2, 2001, from

Meyer, D. (1957). The Highland Scots of North Carolina 1732–1776. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

O’Toole, Leagues, (April 27, 2001), Old Skool: Johnny Cash, The Muse, Retrieved December 2, 2001, from

Powell, William S. (1999). The Encyclopedia of the Irish in America. South Bend, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press

Purser, J. (1992). Scotland's Music. Edinburgh: Mainstream.

Rosenberg, Neil V. (1985). Bluegrass: A History by Neil V. Rosenberg. Urbana & Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Saminsky, L. (1949). Living music of the Americas. New York: Howell, Soskin, & Cronin.

Saunders, William L., editor (1886-90). Colonial Records of North Carolina (The). Raleigh: Josephus Daniels.

Sawyer, June Skinner (1994). The Celtic Roots of Southern Music. Bruceton Mills, WV: Unicorn Ltd.

Scarborough, Dorothy (1937) The Song Catcher in Southern Mountains: American Folk Songs of British Ancestry; Morningside Heights, NY: Columbia University Press.

Scarborough, E. D. (1925). On the trail of Negro folksongs. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.United States Historic Census Data Base (2002). Internet, University of Virginia,

Sharp, Cecil J. (1954). English Folk Song: Some Conclusions. London: Methuen & Co.

Slater, Matthew, (1998), Music, SEE Magazine, Retrieved December 2, 2001, from

Tepper, Michael. (1979). New World Immigrants: a Consolidation of Ship Passenger Lists and Associated Data from Periodical Literature. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.

Thoreau, Henry David (1854), Walden. Great Literature Online. 1997-2003, Retrieved May 23, 2003 from

Traditional Celtic Music's Contributions to American Music, (2001, June 3), Retrieved November 30, 2001, from